Vehicles Housing and Motorhomes

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The Vehicles Housing and Motorhomes are those vehicles whose interior is enabled to spend the night in it and to be able to make life inside it. These vehicles usually have seats, bed (which can be formed by converting seats), table (which can be foldable or removable), cabinets or chests and kitchen.

In order to transform a vehicle into a vehicle, it will be necessary to approve the reforms and changes made to the vehicle. It will also be necessary to make the change of classification, so, for legal purposes and ITV the vehicle will be considered a housing vehicle. Another advantage provided by the change of classification to “vehicle housing” is that these vehicles must pass the ITV inspection with the same periodicity as passenger cars.

The most commonly used vehicles usually start from industrial vehicles or cargo vehicles such as vans, trucks or even off-road vehicles. This type of vehicle has a large rear space to install all the necessary elements to transform an empty space into a comfortable area to be inhabited. Check Out on Event Motorhome Rentals.

Isolation

To stay overnight in the vehicle, one of the most important points for the welfare of the occupants is to maintain a correct interior temperature. The industrial vehicles that most of the housing vehicles usually start with do not have insulation or any coating on the walls and roof of the cargo space, thus having a very sensitive space to outside temperatures.

To solve this problem it is possible to interiorly cover with the insulating material the floor, walls, and roof of the housing area of the vehicle. To achieve a smooth and insulating surface for the floor, it is common to use a wooden board trimmed with the shape of the body and coated on its upper side with a PVC sheet or similar to facilitate cleaning and improve its finish. The walls and ceilings are usually lined with some type of insulating foam, rock wool, etc. In order to obtain good thermal and acoustic insulation. A sheet of plastic or wood material is placed over this coating in order to achieve a good finish.

Use of the Vehicles Housing and Motorhomes

Furniture

Inside a vehicle , ousing can be installed all kinds of furniture that facilitate life in the interior as they can be: one or several beds, folding or fixed; tables with their respective seats; furniture to enable an area such as kitchen; etc. They can also be installed cabinets, chests and all kinds of enclosed spaces for storage.

All the furniture must be designed and manufactured in such a way as to hold in the best possible way the load that they carry inside, thus avoiding their movement during the circulation. In the same way, all the moving parts of the furniture such as doors, covers, drawers, etc. they must have a system that avoids that these parts can be opened because of the movement of the vehicle when traveling.

All furniture must be anchored to the vehicle in such a way that it can not be detached and that no movement occurs during the movement of the vehicle.

Bodywork

When mostly commercial vehicles, the base vehicle does not usually have windows, sunroofs or ventilation openings. To solve the shortage of light and lack of ventilation is very common to install windows, skylights and extractors. All these elements that need to cut the body should be installed avoiding weakening the structure of the body, without cutting nerves or reinforcements. For the approval of glazed elements, whether they are new or coming from another vehicle, they must present the marking of the approval passwords of each glass.

For these vehicles it is very useful to install a solar panel, to recharge the batteries, on the roof of the vehicle. These panels must be anchored in a manner that resists the acceleration and braking forces of the vehicle and the aerodynamic force acting on it as the vehicle moves.

Water installation

To get a self-sufficient vehicle it is necessary to have a water installation for personal hygiene, cooking and cleaning. In a vehicle housing it is common to install a battery for the kitchen area and to enable a space as a bathroom where normally to install a shower and a toilet. For the supply and storage of clean water, water tanks installed, normally inside the vehicle and with external filling ports, are used. When disposing of the water already used, we will need a gray water tank to store it, since it is not legal for the drains of our vehicles to go directly to the natural environment. The gray water tanks can be installed under the floor of the vehicle, thus facilitating its emptying in the specific points for it. If we install toilets of the “cassette” type, these already incorporate the black water tank with its emptying system. To ensure the supply of water to all points of consumption can be installed a pump that will get the water pressure to any point of the vehicle.

Heating

When outside of the vehicle we have winter temperatures, it will be necessary to have a heating system that will raise and maintain the interior temperature of the passenger compartment up to the comfort temperature that we want. For this in the market there is a wide variety of brands that offer specific heating systems for vehicles. These systems can operate gas, diesel or electricity. The most common are the WEBASTO brand heaters that run on diesel and use the same diesel used by the vehicle’s engine to operate. The heating systems to be installed must be specifically designed for use inside vehicles. In this way we make sure that in the heating systems where combustion is required, gas and diesel oil are totally safe.

Home appliances

To facilitate life inside the vehicle in the market we have a wide variety of specific appliances to be used in vehicles. The vast majority of these appliances are designed to operate electrically at 12V using the vehicle’s own batteries, so dispose of them at all times. Depending on the type of appliance, we will also have the option of choosing another power supply system, such as gas fridges. In order not to waste the vehicle’s batteries excessively, it is possible to adapt the vehicle’s electrical installation in order to use an external power outlet, available in many campsites and camping areas.

Electrical and gas installations

In case of having made an electrical installation different to the one presented by the series vehicle it will be necessary, in order to legalize the reform, to present a certificate made by an electrical installer where it is certified that the installation complies with the REBT (RD 842/2003) . Also for the gas installations carried out in the vehicle (RD 919/2006).


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